Integration of Problem-Based Learning, Flipped Classroom, And Do-It Model in Efforts to Develop Creative Thinking Capabilities of Junior High School Students
The condition of society in the era of the industrial revolution 4.0 is increasingly sophisticated. This condition, on the one hand, makes human life easier, but on the other hand, it causes many problems. The problems that arise are even more complex. Solving it requires creativity. Such environmental conditions need each individual to have high adaptability and creativity. As educational institutions, schools are responsible for preparing their students to have these abilities. The learning process carried out in schools must be able to develop students' abilities to adapt to an environment full of technology and have the ability to solve problems by creating the best solutions. The learning model that integrates the flipped classroom model with problem-based learning strengthened by the DO-IT model is believed to be able to condition students' creative thinking skills. This study produces a problem-based flipped learning model with the syntax "Learn, Deepen, Apply, Reflect, and Evaluate." Based on this syntax, this model is called the Pedal Tere learning model. The model was developed using the Gall and Borg model. A formative evaluation was done to get users' input, followed by revisions. Based on formative evaluation, the model was modified, concluding that the Pedal Tere learning model has been completely developed.